You are stuck in exam preparations and got sick, or you are studying biology and curious to know what type of microorganism has made you sick? If you are confused about bacteria and viruses then let me clear these both organisms can make you tired in a similar way, instead of much necessary and full range of quality differences. Knowing the bacteria & viruses will help you to understand the medical treatment you are undergoing and the difference between them.
Learning the essential difference between bacteria
There are many differences between viruses and bacteria based on origin, shape, size, and effects on the body:
Bacteria is a single-celled organism that can live either inside and outside of the cell. It can live without the cellular host. Viruses are the simplest and smallest life form but 10-100 times smaller than the bacteria. Viruses are intracellular organisms which means they infiltrate the host cell and live in it. Viruses change the host cell and genetic material and start producing the virus itself.
Antibiotics kill bacteria but not viruses. Due to the misuse and overuse of antibiotics, antibiotic resistance has occurred in the bacteria, and it is becoming less efficient.
Recognize the differences in reproduction
Bacteria can grow on the non-living surface, while viruses need a living host like a plant or animal to grow. Bacteria have all the cell organs that are necessary for the growth, multiplication, and a gender reproduction, on the other side viruses, need a host cell, they only carry DNA/RNA or a protein coat, to multiply. The legs of the virus attach to the surface of the cell and then the genetic material of the virus injected into the cell.
Determine the positive effects of the organism in the body
Many tiny organisms live within our body, in fact, in most of the people, cell structure combines 90% of the microbial life and 10% of the human cell. Many bacteria perform an important task and contribute in a positive way like making a vitamin, breaking waste, oxygen making, etc.
What constitutes life
Scientists consider that bacteria are alive, while the viruses are not dead but they are not living. Viruses have some existing material like DNA/RNA but don't have any cellular mechanism. Viruses have characteristics of life and power to reproduce its multiple copies.
Identify the causes of illness and through bacteria and virus
Bacteria: Throat, ear infection, pneumonia, food poisoning, meningitis, wound infection, etc. Viruses: Ebola, chickpea, herpes, rabies, HIV, influenza, chickenpox, common cold, SARS, etc. Some illnesses can be caused by another type of organism like diarrhea.
These are some basic details about viruses and bacteria. But whenever you suffer from illness, you should consult a doctor to treat your illness.