Gender equality is a view which means no one should be discriminated on the grounds of their gender, everyone should receive equal treatment. It is one of the objectives of united nations universal declaration of human rights. Its aiming to create equality in law as well as social situations such as securing equal pay for equal work. Gender equality is also termed as sex equality, gender egalitarianism. Gender equality is achieved when both men and women enjoy the same rights in all sectors such as law, society, economic participation, and decision-making. When the need of men and women are equally valued and favored.
Now the question raised, how do we measure gender equality? Gender equality can be measured on the basis of men and women roles and their presentation in different sectors of an entire country. Today most of the countries uphold gender equality in their constitution and law making activities but on the other side there are many similar countries that uphold the laws that prevent women from being treated as equals. Here I’ll let you know about the laws of some countries that stand in a way of gender equality:
“According to the Civil Code of Japan, a man is free to marry once he turns 18, but a girl can marry once she turns 16.”
DRC (Democratic Republic of Congo)
In DRC, a law state that a husband is the head of household and the wife should obey her husband.
In Yemen, wives are required to have “legitimate intercourse” with their husbands when they are “fit to do so”. The law also state that they need to obey her husband and refrain from leaving home unless their husbands will not give permission to do so.
Husbands are responsible for the property of spouses jointly, as well as property associated with wife.
In India, unless the wife is under 15 years old, sexual acts between a man and his wife cannot be considered rape.
Husbands are allowed to punish their wives using physical force, the purpose behind such action is “correction”. So long as the offense doesn’t result in “grievous hurt”.
“In Saudi Arabia, a fatwa (Islamic ruling) states that women should not drive because doing so could lead to the removal of the hijab, interactions with men, and “taboo” acts.”
Women are not allowed to be employed in any industrial establishment at night.